Rick Marsi Diary

Following are a collection of sightings and thoughts.

Sightings for May

May Sightings

May 1, 1975 – At Greenwood Park – Yellow-bellied sapsucker drilling loudly outside nature center. Flicker calling noisily in woods. Red-eyed vireo singing also. 

May 1, 1976  – Walked Brier Hill in morning. Pair of solitary vireos near fallen cherry at ravine. Two male red-winged blackbirds at pond. Four or five more in corner field. RB Nuthatch sighted around suet. White-throated sparrows and purple finches feeding. Evening grosbeak is still here. On the river … Osprey flew over with fish in its talons. Several spotted sandpipers along riverbank. No sight of ostrich ferns yet.

 May 1, 11 – Beautiful gray fox trots through yard, from upper woods, just before dusk.

May 1, 12 – Photographed Common Loon in full breeding plumage on pool in Geneganslet Creek near Smithville Flats. The bird had already been there four days, fishing. Also at this location: first house wren heard. Numerous barn swallows in the barn.

May 1, 14 - Heard a Broad-winged Hawk calling at CV State Park. Looked up to see it sweeping over the treetops.

May 1, 16 - Picked leeks today in a forest filled with May Apple. Chipping Sparrow singing from top of maple in side yard - it's favorite singing perch every year. Lone hen turkey walking through the yard this morning. RC Kinglets in Scotch Pine. No singing, just their tell-tale rattle. 

May 1, 17 - Pair of Broad-winged Hawks circling overhead, calling. Have had a single overhead in the past week, but this is the first pair. Red-breasted Nuthatch at the suet feeder. Kinglet flitting about in the back yard Norway Spruce. No binocs, so I could not tell which one. Lovely Painted Lady butterfly nectaring on dandelions in the yard.

May 1, 17 - Red-beasted Nuthatch at the suet feeder. I had heard this bird calling on two different days in late April.

May 1, 18 - Kayaked in local wetland and river channel. Observed 5 Green-winged Teal, one pair of Blue-winged Teal, 4 Wood Ducks and 5 Buffleheads. Meadow Frogs calling. Photographed 2 Greater Yellowlegs, both in full breeding plumage. 

May 2, 1975 – At Greenwood Park. Trout lilies and yellow violets blooming everywhere. Lone marsh marigold in flower.

May 2, 1976 – Large flock of purple finches singing loudly by the little house. Ruby-crowned kinglets still here in force. Tree swallow pair nesting in box by the edge of garden. In upper woods, male black-and-white warbler singing loudly. Wood anemone flowering. Nashville warbler singing in thorn apples next to garden. Field sparrows actively singing. At dusk, heard first wood thrush singing.

May 2, 11 – White-throated sparrows and purple finches still here.

May 2, 12 – Numerous white-throated sparrows in yard. RC Kinglets still here. On the river… A number of first sightings – catbird, yellow and chestnut-sided warbler, yellow-throated vireo, spotted sandpiper. At least three rough-winged swallows fluttering and perching around hole in river bank. Greater yellowlegs and killdeer on bank.

May 2, 13 - At Cole Park... First Black-throated Green Warbler of the season. Also first yellow Warbler and Brown Thrasher. Wood Anemone, Spring Beauty, Red Trillium, Blue Cohosh, Trout Lily Flowering. Lesser Scaup and Common Merganser on the lake.

May 2, 14 - Two nice birds from the car today: Brown Thrasher and male Bluebird flew in front of me.

May 2, 15 - Here at 8 a.m.... Ovenbird singing.

Birds observed at Upper Lisle Park... Canada Goose, Wood Duck, Green-winged Teal, Common Merganser, Double-crested Cormorant, Bald Eagle, Greater Yellowlegs, Bonaparte’s Gull, Ring-billed Gull, Belted Kingfisher, Downy Woodpecker, Blue Jay, American Crow, Tree Swallow, Black-capped Chickadee, American Robin, Yellow Warbler, Myrtle Warbler, Song Sparrow, Northern Cardinal, Red-winged Blackbird, Common Grackle, American Goldfinch. Note : the "mystery bird" sighted at the beginning of our session turns out to be House Wren. Photos taken of the bird, and later analyzed, made this ID possible.

May 2, 16 - Observed a Short-tailed Weasel run across the yard. Black tip of tail was a valuable field work. Also observed an Ovenbird doing its aerial courtship flight - flying up from the ground to treetop level, chirping and then spiraling down.

May 2, 18 - Observed a pair of Flickers 20 feet apart in back woods trees. There was flicker calling all day on all sides of the house, mostly the south side. Raven croaking as it flew south overhead.

 May 3, 1975 – At Greenwood Park. Many least flycatchers singing in camping area. Northern waterthrush observed singing at swamp edge. Red-shouldered hawks calling and flying over all day. Sharp-lobed hepatica flowering . 

May 3, 1985 – Lone pine sisken at thistle feeder. Flock of 30 evening grosbeaks flying noisily overhead.

May 3, 12 – First Ovenbird singing in back woods. Red Admirals flying about. Also saw one in Binghamton parking lot. A dozen or so Chimney Swifts also flying over that lot. At CV State Park… Magnolia, Yellow-rumped and Black-throated Green Warblers. Blue-headed Vireo, Great-crested Flycatcher. Gnatcatcher, Swamp Sparrow. Brown Creeper singing. Goldthread flowering.

May 3, 14 - At Cole Park... Birds - Swamp Sparrow (h), Field Sparrow (h), Song Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, Robin, Blue Jay, Common Crow, Downy Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Brown Creeper, Black-capped Chickadee, Black-throated Green Warbler, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Blue-headed Vireo, Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Tree Swallow, Barn Swallow, Mallard, Common Merganser, Canada Goose, Double-crested  Cormorant Broad-winged Hawk. Trees - American Beech, Black Cherry, Red Maple, American Hornbeam (Musclewood), Gray Birch, Yellow Birch, Trembling Aspen, Pin (Fire) Cherry. Flowers - Wood Anemone, Spring Beauty, Blue Cohosh, Red Trillium, Trout Lily, Wild Leek. At home... Broad-winged Hawk circling and calling.

May 3, 16 - Traveled favorite loop road trail in NE PA. Photographed Black-and-white and Chestnut-sided Warbler, Chickadee and Eastern Meadowlark. Also observed male Kestrel, numerous Ruby-crowned Kinglets. Heard Ovenbirds and Blue-headed Vireo singing. Photographed Christmas Ferns.

May 3, 17 - Broad-winged Hawk made low pass over front yard at 4 p.m. Hen turkey still visiting feeder.

May 3, 18 - Photographed female Pileated Woodpecker digging in dead aspen on the ground at edge of yard. She stopped digging to call once. I heard drumming Pileated in the distance.
At CV State Park, Tween Lakes and Bog Trail... Dark-eyed Junco, Pine Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Black-throated Green Warbler, Downy Woodpecker, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Winter Wren, Blue Jay, Song Sparrow, Veery. Trailing Arbutus in bloom.

May 3, 19 - New birds from the south I heard singing today: Yellow Warbler, Eastern Kingbird, Eastern Towhee. Small flock of White-throated Sparrows in yard. American Toads trilling loudly through the rain in our garden pond.

May 4, 1975 - Gill-over-the-ground flowering. Pussy toes also in bloom. Bluets in flower, as well as purple violets.

May 4, 12 – Hummingbird returns. Wood thrush singing in back woods. Hundreds and hundreds of Red Admiral butterflies encountered migrating north during drive to Montezuma NWR. MONTEZUMA LIST… Montezuma NWR

May 4, 2012 - 75 degrees, 5-10 mph west wind. partly cloudy. 20 Purple Martins seen at once on two houses by visitor center. 50 Green-winged Teal in shallow shorebird pool at visitor center. One drake Blue-winged Teal with them. 10 Yellowlegs in this pool also. 4 Shovelers and 1 Ruddy Duck in first pool on right on circular drive. 2 pair of Blue-winged Teal in last shorebird pool before hard left on circular drive. 25 Dunlins in breeding plumage in last shorebird pool next to Thruway. Male Harrier hunting along road by Thruway at eye level. Dropped to the ground in front of us once. Osprey sitting on three eggs (bird cam).

May 4, 13. At Greenwood Park...Birds: Barn Swallow, Tree Swallow, Ovenbird, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Purple Finch, Brown Creeper, Chipping Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (heard), Broad-winged Hawk, Black-capped Chickadee, Tufted Titmouse, Hermit Thrush, Robin, Crow, Blue Jay,  Canada Goose, Mallard.Flowers: Bellwort, Red Trillium, Trout Lily, Wood Anemone, Bluet, Canada Mayflower.Ferns: Christmas Fern.Trees: Red Maple, Sugar Maple, White Ash, Red Oak, American Beech, Shadbush (Juneberry), White Pine, Red Pine, Scotch Pine, Eastern Hemlock

May 4, 14 - A pair of kinglets fluttering about in honeysuckle hedge. At least one has been in this same location for three days.

May 4, 16 - Robins scolding loudly in back yard at 9 a.m. At noon, I watched one chase a BlueJay from the feeder area.

May 4, 17 - Wood Thrush foraging by driveway at 8:30 a.m. Pair of Red-breasted Nuthatches calling to each other in Norway Spruces across from driveway.

May 4, 18 - Wood Thrush singing at 6 a.m. RC Kinglets foraging in Honeysuckle. Toads have been trilling for two days. Heard the first "wheep!" of a Great-crested Flycatcher in the upper woods at 2 p.m.

May 4, 19 - At CV State Park Towpath Trail... Common Merganser, Red-winged Blackbird, Baltimore Oriole, Yellow Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Common Yellowthroat (heard), Northern Flicker (heard), Red-bellied Woodpecker, Bald Eagle chicks (2) in nest, Belted Kingfisher (heard), Eastern Phoebe (heard), Spotted Sandpiper. Ferns: Christmas Fern. Flowers: Wild Ginger, May Apple, Red Trillium, Pearly Everlasting Wild leek. Trees: American Basswood, Sycamore, White Pine, Black Cherry, Shadbush.
Here at home... First song of Ovenbird.

May 5, 1975 – At Greenwood Park. Sapsucker drumming on cedar shingles at nature center. Then one male struck a window and stunned himself, while another male continued drumming on the building. Leeks are up and abundant. 

May 5, 1976 – Morning walk at Otsiningo Park. One myrtle  warbler. 12 chimney swifts. 2 solitary sandpipers. Ostrich fern fiddleheads are up. Garlic mustard flowering profusely. First tiger swallowtail butterfly. On a country road… Flock of 25 tree and barn swallows swooping over pile of spilled manure on road. Eating insects attracted to it. Pair of towhees at ground feeder at home.

May 5, 12 – At Cole Park… Prairie, Blackburnian, Black-throated Green warblers, Blue-headed Vireo, Brown Thrasher, RB Grosbeak, Baltimore Oriole, Osprey, two Common Loons in breeding plumage.

May 5, 14 - Mourning Cloak butterfly flits across driveway.

May 5, 15 - Wood Thrush singing in back woods in early morning. First Catbird also heard. On the river... Baltimore Oriole singing high in a riverside sycamore. Also heard Warbling Vireo, Great-crested Flycatcher. Rough-winged swallows over the water. Five species of shorebirds observed, feeding on mud flats: Least Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper, Lesser Yellowlegs, Greater Yellowlegs.

May 5, 16
Round Top Picnic Area
53 degreescloudyno wind.

Chimney SwiftTufted TitmouseBlue-headed VireoBlack-throated Green WarblerChestnut-sided WarblerBlackburnian WarblerWhite-breasted NuthatchGoldfinchChipping SparrowRobin,CardinalCrows (grooming/bonding)

Hop Hornbeam
Chestnut Oak (deep grooves)White Ash, Norway MapleWhite Pine (5 needles)Eastern HemlockLarch/Tamarack.

Garlic Mustard (alien/slice off top/pull up/ keep from seeding)

Grape (Catbird nest material)

May 5, 18 - Cole Park. Birds: Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Common Yellowthroat, Black-throated Green Warbler, Green Heron, Great Blue Heron, Swamp Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Solitary Sandpiper, Bald Eagle, Common Crow, Raven (?), Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Hairy Woodpecker, Northern Flicker, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Robin, Red-winged Blackbird, Tree Swallow, Brown Thrasher, Common Loon, Double-vrested Cormorant, Common Merganser, Mallard.
Trees: Red Maple, Yellow Birch, Moosewood (Striped Maple), Scotch Pine, White Pine, Eastern Hemlock, Norway Spruce.
Flowers: Trout Lily, Red Trillium, Wood Anemone, Spring Beauty, Blue Cohosh, Wild Leek.
Amphibians: Spring Peeper, Meadow (Leopard) Frog.

May 5, 19 - On Towpath Trail, we viewed a Palm Warbler foraging near the ground. Rusty cap and twitching tail were obvious. Several foraging Yellow-rumped Warblers overhead. Great Horned Owl hooted trice from across the river. Here at home, a Brown Thrasher sang loudly from the top of an ash tree at edge of yard. First Wood Thrush singing in lower woods. Crows chases after a pair of Red-tailed Hawks in back woods.

May 6, 1975 – At home. Banded 5 rc kinglets, 1 catbird (which we banded last May as well), 1 male Nashville warbler, and 3 white-throated sparrows. Grouse drumming loudly. Tree swallows building nest in house by garden.

May 6, 1976 – At Greenwood Park. Towhee. Brown thrasher, redstart, least flycatcher all singing. At home. Toads mating at pond. Spring peepers still peeping. Kestrel on wire along Vestal Parkway.

May 6, 11 – Float the Otselic from Willet to Landers. Pair of Solitary Sandpipers. Lush beds of White Trillium blooming on wooded banks.

May 6, 13 - Floated the Chenango River. Several pairs of Solitary Sandpipers calling and flying. Floated right under an adult Bald Eagle perched high in a riverside tree. White trillium blooming on banks.

May 6, 14 - At Mike's outside Hancock... Black-throated Green, Black-throated Blue and Nashville warblers in hemlock by his house. Yellow-throated and Warbling vireos singing by the river. RC Kinglets still passing through and singing. Brown Thrasher foraging in tangle on riverbank. 

May 6, 15 - Robin has been incubating eggs in nest on side of the house for nearly a week.

May 6, 18 - First small flock of migrating White-throated Sparrows in yard (3). In a chilly rain, a male Baltimore Oriole and a male Rose-breasted Grosbeak appear simultaneously at the feeder. Oriole at suet. Grosbeak at sunflower. First sighting here for both birds this spring.

May 6, 19 - Male Rose-breasted Grosbeak at sunflower feeder (see above). Purple Finch singing. Red Admiral butterfly. 
At wetland... Four Caspian Terns diving for minnows in cove.

May 7, 1975 – At home. Yellow warbler singing. House wrens have occupied box near gray birches. More birds banded: 2 wood thrush, 1 rc kinglet, 1 black-and-white warbler.

May 7, 1976 – At Greenwood. Flock of 50 evening grosbeaks, plus five red crossbills. Crossbills feeding in Scotch pines. Very tame. Common loon in winter plumage fishing in lake. Stayed under for 45 seconds. Large mixed flock of goldfinches and purple finches feeding in aspens on catkins. Black-throated green and black-throated blue warblers singing. 

May 7, 11 - At Cole Park... Tree Swallow, Barn Swallow, Canada Goose, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Downy Woodpecker, Blue-headed Vireo, Ovenbird, Black-throated Green Warbler, Black-and-White Warbler, Blackburnian Warbler, Yellow Warbler, Yellowthroat, Brown Creeper, Catbird, Brown Thrasher, Dark-eyed Junco, Song Sparrow, Baltimore Oriole, Red-winged Blackbird, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Goldfinch. Flowers: Red, White and Painted Trillium, Bellwort, Spring Beauty, Blue Cohosh, Trout Lily.

May 7, 13 - Drove to Hancock, NY. At the home of a friend, Black-and-white Warbler singing in hemlocks.

May 7, 13 - Ovenbird has returned and is singing. It came back to Chris's house yesterday.

May 7, 15 - Wood Thrush singing in side woods, close to the house - for 30 minutes at 7:30 a.m. Red-eyed Vireo also singing in woods for the first time this spring.

May 7, 16 - Chenango Valley State Park. Tween Lakes and Bog Trail. 60 degrees. Partly cloudy.Birds: Red-bellied Woodpecker, White-Breasted Nuthatch, Phoebe, Tufted Titmouse, Black-capped Chickadee, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Black-throated Green Warbler, Blue-headed Vireo, Yellow-throated Vireo, Common Yellowthroat, Ovenbird (heard), Northern Waterthrush (heard), Blue Jay, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Swamp Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Common Crow, Canada Goose, Broad-winged Hawk, Bald Eagle.Trees: Striped Maple (Moosewood, Goosefoot), White Pine, Eastern Hemlock.Flowers: Canada Mayflower, Garlic Mustard. 

May 7, 18 - Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge, Delaware Bay, Delaware. Hundreds of shorebirds still here. including Dunlin, Black-bellied Plover, Yellowlegs and Dowitcher. All in breeding plumage. 

May 7, 19 - First hummingbird at our feeder.

May 8, 1975 – First aspen leaves have appeared. Red maples have gone to seed. Meadowlark on wire at home. May apples four inches high. Chimney swifts active around silo at Stan’s farm. Pair of bobolinks around garden there.

May 8, 1976 – At Greenwood. Purple trillium and may apple up. Also trout lily and marsh marigold. At home. Ruby-crowned kinglets still flitting about. White-throated sparrow singing. 

May 8, 11 – At Cole Park… Photograph Painted Trillium, Trout Lily, Barren Strawberry and Wood Anemone. Good looks at Blue-headed Vireo and Prairie Warbler. At home… Still a dozen or so White-throated Sparrows eating cracked corn.

May 8, 12 – First Great-crested Flycatcher heard in home woods. First female hummingbird at feeder. 

May 8, 13 - Floated the Delaware River between Hancock and Buckingham Landing. Numerous Black-and-white Warblers and Warbling Vireos heard, plus first Yellow-throated Vireo of the season. Many Rough-winged Swallows perched on wires across the river. Numerous Bald Eagle encounters. American Toads calling loudly from shallows.

May 8, 14 - At Jones Park... Black-throated Green and Blackburnian warblers on woodland trail. Palm Warbler eating bugs from flowers of Shadbush tree at edge of woods.

May 8, 15 - First Great-crested Flycatcher calling in back woods.

May 8, 16 - A good day for birds here. Black-throated Green Warbler singing and feeding around house. Black-and-white Warbler foraging on trunk of White Pine by driveway. Lovely female Towhee in honeysuckle hedge, several Ruby-crowned Kinglets in Scotch Pine. Rose-breasted Grosbeak male at sunflower platform feeder. Crow chases cruising Red-tail (almost daily now). First report of Bobolinks returning. First report of Orioles also. At 6 p.m. here, four Ravens croaking and courtship-flying overhead, chasing each other, sometimes flying a foot or two apart, wheeling in tandem, sometimes giving out with a high-pitched squawk. One crow chased after them a bit half-heartedly.

May 8, 17 - First RB Grosbeaks of the year - male and female appear. Female at sunflower hopper, male at suet. Crows chases soaring pair of Broad-winged Hawks Overhead. Gives that wheezy alarm call that tips me off. Flock or 5-6 White-throated Sparrows feeding here.

May 8, 18 - At Bombay Hook NWR... Thousands of shorebirds in mud flats at low tide. I get good photos of Dowitchers and Dunlins. Also photos of Black-necked Stilt and Blue Grosbeak, plus Indigo Bunting.

May 8, 19 - Scarlet Tanager and Great-crested Flycatcher appear in the woods, both singing.

 May 9, 1975 – At Greenwood Park. Pair of white-crowned sparrows on lawn at office. Black-throated blue warbler singing loudly in woods. Canada mayflowers blooming. Bellwort flowering on Woodland Trail. At home. Heard woodcock making “peent” sound at sunset.

May 9, 1976 – Yellow warbler males singing and cavorting near pond. Gaywings flowering in woods. Several wood thrushes singing around the house. 

May 9, 11 – Float from Landers to Upper Lisle. Several pairs of Spotted Sandpipers. One Solitary Sandpiper. First Least flycatcher heard. Juvenile Bald eagle with tail turning white. Pair of Horned Grebes in breeding plumage. At home… Red-breasted Nuthatch hangs briefly on thistle feeder.

May 9, 13 - At CV State Park.... Northern Waterthush, Blackburnian Warbler, Winter Wren, Great Crested Flycatcher. Found two huge dead Eatern Hemlocks, the outer bark of which had been torn off in 2-3 inches pieces by a Pileated Woodpecker seeking ants or beetles under the bark.

May 9, 14 - CV State Park... Great Crested Flycatchers at Tween Lakes. Redstart and Magnolia Warbler a bit farther down the road. Eagle perched two feet above its nest across the river.

May 9, 15 - At Chenango Valley State Park... House Wren, Common Yellowthroat, Yellow Warbler, Great Crested Flycatcher (heard), Solitary Sandpiper, Common Merganser, Mallard, C. Goose, Hairy Woodpecker, Downy Woodpecker, Red- bellied Woodpecker (heard), Yellow-throated Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo, Baltimore Oriole, Tufted Titmouse (heard), Brown Creeper, Gray Catbird. Also, first Mourning Cloak butterfly of spring season.

At home... first Scarlet Tanager and Baltimore Oriole singing. Also, at 6 p.m. we heard a high "pee-ee" coming from the back woods. Discovered a Broad-winged hawk perched high in a deciduous tree. It stayed there at least 15 minutes, but was quiet after its first calls. First hummingbird appearance at the feeders.

May 9, 16 - On the river... Photographed White trillium and Skunk Cabbage, soaring adult Bald Eagle, plus Semi-palmated Plover, Least and Solitary Sandpipers. Also seen: Warbling Vireo, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Yellow-throated Vireo, Baltimore Oriole, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Green Heron, Rough-winged Swallow, Greater Yellowlegs, Spotted Sandpiper.

May 9, 18 - After two days away, we arrive home to be greeted by a male hummingbird at the feeder. First of the season here, although they have been sighted in the area for more than a week.

May 9, 19 - Rose-breasted Grosbeak singing in back woods this morning. First Rd-eyed Vireo also singing.

May 10, 1975. At home. Banded 1 male black-throated blue warbler, 1 Lincoln’s sparrow, 1 song sparrow. Heard golden-winged warbler singing. At Greenwood Park. Shadbush, purple trillium and barren strawberry in flower

May 10, 1976 – Purple finches singing. Have heard many flocks this spring. Examined multiple seeds in sycamore “seed ball".

May 10, 11 – At CVSP… Photographed Common Mergansers, Chestnut-sided Warbler and Painted Turtles. Gnatcatcher observed on ground, collecting spider silk for its nest. 

May 10, 12 – At Jones Park… Birds - Field Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, Scarlet Tanager (On A Platter! Male and Female), Baltimore Oriole, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Robin, Black-throated Blue Warbler, Black-throated Green Warbler, Ovenbird, Black-capped Chickadee, Hairy Woodpecker (pair at nest), Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Turkey Vulture. Trees -American Beech. Flowers - Painted Trillium, Red (Purple) Trillium, Foam Flower, Common Wood Sorrel.

May 10, 14 - At CV State Park, Tween Lakes Pavilion... Ovenbird, Tufted Titmouse, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Blue-headed Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo, Veery, American Redstart, Black-throated Green Warbler, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Phoebe, Least Flycatcher (h). At Towpath Trail... Bald Eagle and chicks on nest, Hairy Woodpecker, Great-crested Flycatcher.

May 10, 15 - 8 a.m. Heard a Pileated Woodpecker calling in the woods, close to the pond in back. Suddenly, a male and female appeared at the edge of the yard, where a dead tree trunk rests on the ground. They worked this tree for 10 minutes, sometimes within five feet of each other. One bird spent a good deal of time hacking away at several chunks of firewood I had left on the ground near the fallen tree.

May 10, 16 - Photo trip to NE PA. Good shots of Scarlet Tanager, Yellow Warbler and House Wren. Also encountered Warbling Vireo and  Meadowlark, plus Least Flycatcher.

May 10, 18 - At Waterman Center... Ovenbird, Catbird, Cardinal, Carolina Wren, House Wren, WB Nuthatch, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Tufted Titmouse, Blue-winged Warbler, Wood Thrush, Blue Jay, Great Crested Flycatcher, Common Yellowthroat.

May 11, 01 – Red-eyed vireo singing for first time. BT Green still singing. Tanager also. Greenwood Park. Flowers: wood anemone; goldthread; beds of leek on outer loop trail; painted and red trillium; foamflower; barren strawberry; toothwort; thick beds of blue cohosh (small brownish flower - much already gone to seed) mixed in with leeks. Birds: Ovenbird flushed from ground but we couldn’t find a nest. Black-throated greens singing throughout woods. We saw two chipping at each other like juncos, then chasing each other. First redstart of the year singing. Several tanagers singing. RB grosbeak, great-crested flycatcher. Several sapsuckers drumming. Brown creeper singing (just twice, about a minute apart). First veery of the year spotted (not singing). Yellowthroat singing in swamp off trail. White-throated sparrow singing. Also a mystery bird: singing regularly at swamp. 4-5 clear, steady notes, followed by two short, descending notes. Red-shouldered hawk calling same area. Pair of solitary vireos singing on opposite sides of the trail.

May 11, ’02 – Prothonotary warbler and northern waterthrush at Brick Pond. Gnatcatcher at Upper Lisle. Orioles at both places.

May 11, 03 – Wilson’s warbler and redstart on trail around wetland at Vestal Rail Trail.

May 11, 04. Magnolia warbler singing and feeding front yard honeysuckle and fir tree. Stayed for at least two hours. Photographed mertensia at CV State Park. Tanager and blue-winged warblers seen well at Waterman.

May 11, 07 – Two male scarlet tanagers spotted four feet apart in my back woods. One came to the other, silently, hopping closer and closer through the forest branches. First wood thrush heard singing in these woods also. Toads chorusing in lower pond. Photographed them mating. Before they hook up, they are very shy, but once their connection is made, you can move around them for photos at will. Female is decidedly bigger. Pair of purple finches came to hanging sunflower feeder. Female landed and began feeding. Male landed on ground below and began madly fluttering wings while looking up at her. This went on for 30 seconds, after which the female flew away and the male immediately followed her.

May 11, 08 - More birds returning. Great-crested flycatcher calling "wheeep in woods behind the house at 8 a.m. Received photo via e-mail of eastern gray tree frog, (hyla versicolor) taken on the side of a person's house in this area. Not common! First tiger and black swallowtail butterflies observed. On the river... Solitary sandpiper and several spotted sandpipers. RB grosbeaks, orioles, chestnut-sided warblers singing. Fields yellow with mustard. 

May 11, 09 – Discovered hundreds of ¼-inch tadpoles in our small garden pond. Did not see any eggs there previously. At Chris’s, a fisher comes to the house and takes a chicken leg from a bowl Claire placed on the ground four feet away from where she was standing.

May 11, 11 – On hill behind house… Photographed Yellowthroat, Blue-winged Warbler, Towhee and Catbird. Prairie warbler and Oriole also there. First Scarlet Tanager heard in back woods.

 May 11, 12 – At Howland Island and Montezuma NWR… 60 degrees, 20 mph northwest wind, sunny. Birds: Warbling Vireo, Yellow-throated Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo, American Redstart, Yellow Warbler, Common Yellowthroat, Cerulean Warbler. 

May 11, 13 - Here... First appearance and song from Scarlet Tanager.

At Upper Lisle by Otselic River... Cloudy, showers, 60 degrees.  38 species.

Eastern Towhee, Catbird, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Cardinal, Veery, Robin, Eastern Bluebird, Blue-winged Warbler, Yellow Warbler, Common Yellowthroat, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Scarlet Tanager, House Wren, Least Flycatcher, Eastern Kingbird, Warbling Vireo, Yellow-throated Vireo, Baltimore Oriole, Red-winged Blackbird, Crow, Blue Jay, Common Grackle, Black-capped Chickadee, Tree Swallow, Barn Swallow, Mourning Dove, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Pileated Woodpecker (heard), Belted Kingfisher, Ring-billed Gull, Solitary Sandpiper, Least Sandpiper, Killdeer, Common Merganser, Mallard, Wood Duck.

May 11, 14 - Toads trilling in pond below us.

May 11, 15 - Garden pond has been full of tiny toad tadpoles for several days. Pair of Great-crested Flycatchers at edge of lawn. Calling loudly. Red-bellied Woodpecker calling in back woods at 7 a.m. Sharp-shinned Hawk flew across trail in lower woods and perched as we approached in the old Rav 4. We saw a nest high in a tamarack near the spot. Both hummingbirds are here and visiting the feeders.

May 11, 16 - Scarlet Tanager and Wood Thrush singing in upper woods. 

May 11, 17 - Photographed Broad-winged Hawk perched in ash tree by the side of driveway. Near Hancock, photographed Blue-headed Vireo and Savannah Sparrow, plus abundant Hobble Bush on wooded hillside.

May 11, 19 - 'Tween Lakes and Lily Lake Trail at CV State Park... Chipping Sparrow, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Red-eyed Vireo, Baltimore Oriole, Ovenbird, Great Crested Flycatcher, Common Yellowthroat, Swamp Sparrow, Solitary Sandpiper, Belted Kingfisher, Wood Duck. Also... Polypody Fern, Gay Wings (Fringed Polygala), Eastern Hemlock, White Pine, Red Oak, White Oak, Black Cherry, American Beech.
Here at 5 pm... I discover a tiny Painted Turtle on concrete floor at garage entrance. About the size of a quarter. Retracted its head and legs in its shell, but became very active in Jan's hand as we took it to release it in some grass on the lawn.

May 12 - Male ruby-throated hummingbird buzzed my sweatshirt from 18 inches away - attracted to red breast on quetzal pictured on shirt. The bird then buzzed brake light on nearby car before feeding at hanging feeder at house.

May 12, ’02 – Warbler wave at Brier Hill. Steady rain all day. 50 degrees. At 7 p.m. on driveway I saw, in 15 minutes: black and white, redstart, chestnut-sided, magnolia, yellow-rumped, Tennessee. Also red-breasted nuthatch. RB grosbeak at feeder. Black-throated blue in woods on other side of road.

May 12, 03 – BT Green warbler singing here. Female hummer at feeder.

May 12, 04. Catbird arrives at Brier Hill and sings all day. Catch first fish of the year on Otselic below Lander’s Corners – 10-12-inch bass. Just escape thunderstorm.

May 12, 06 – Female blackburnian warbler at State Park. Magnolia warbler inside yard. BT Green Warbler singing. First catbird heard. Adult male and first-year male RB Grobeaks coming to feeder. RC Kinglet still here. First female hummer sighted.

May 12, 07 - Broad-winged hawk circling over the house, clutching something small in its talons. It circles five or six times silently. Perhaps showing off its kill to a prospective mate. An hour later, while walking through the woods, I flushed a broad-wing from a nearby tree. They've nested here before, and I'm hoping they will again. Also, at noon, a red-tailed hawk circled overhead. Photographed male rose-breasted grosbeak at sunflower feeder. Placed a large red maple between the bird and me, then walked slowly forward, letting the tree block my view from the bird. Finally crept out from behind tree when I had gotten close. The bird saw me, but wanted those sunflower seeds. Photos should be good, with good lighting. Heard first red-eyed vireo in the woods. Also saw a mourning cloak butterfly float past. First blooms from hawthorne (thorn apple) trees at the woodland edge. Red-breasted nuthatch calling loudly near the sunflower feeder before dropping in for some seeds. Late afternoon: Two male purple finches and one female. Males chase the female until she lands in a tree or on the ground. One male pursues her, but she wants no part of it. There is impressive close-quarters bickeringaccompanied by loud mewing sounds. The female then flies away and the two male pursue. I watched this three times before they flew too far to observe. Several minutes later I heard one male singing loudly. Wild flowering dogwoods in bloom at woods edge.

May 12, 08 - Salt Springs State Park. Singing chestnut-sided warbler. Good looks at oriole andveery. Veery was foraging on forested logging road. Not singing, but the weather was wind y and chilly. Gold thread flowering on forest path.Numerous basswood trees along forest road.

May 12 , 09 – On the Otselic below Lander’s Corners. River low and 53 degrees. Caught two rock bass and a 10-inch smallmouth at first hemlock pool. Caught very large (16 inches) smallmouth at smallmouth run – at edge of current, not too far down the riffle. One cast before, I had hooked another large bass, which jumped and freed itself. Chestnut-sided warbler singing below Smallmouth Run. Gnatcatchers calling within large black willows. Pair of female hooded mergansers flies overhead.

May 12, 11 – Photographed male Scarlet Tanager in back woods. Great Crested Flycatcher also there for first time.

At Upper Lisle… Observed Warbling Vireo, 4-5 White-crowned SparrowsBlack and White Warbler and Canada Warbler.

May 12, 12 – First catbird here, singing.

May 12, 13 - First catbird here, singing! Photographed Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Field Sparrow, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker at Clay Banks. Also photographed a Meadow Fritillary butterfly in grassy field. 

May 12, 14 - Scarlet Tanager and Wood thrush sing briefly at 7 a.m. Male hummingbird returns. I pass a Broad-winged Hawk perched at eye level near water tank on my road. On the river... Juvenile bald eagle at Merrill Brook. Gorgeous Least Sandpiper feeding on muddy bank near shortcut at big willows. Three Rough-winged Swallows zooming around a large dead trunk protruding out into the river. Knothole in the trunk appears to be a nest site.

 May 12, 16 - Great Crested Flycatchers, Scarlet tanager and BT Green Warbler heard on Foley Road and in home woods. Phoebe singing here in morning. Two female RB Grosbeaks at feeder. Male heard singing. At Upper Lisle Claybanks Trail in evening...


Yellow Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Ovenbird, Warbling Vireo, Red-winged Blackbird, Baltimore Oriole, Cardinal, Robin, Northern Flicker, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Rose-breasted grosbeak, Catbird, Veery, Wood Thrush (h), Wood duck (h), Tree Swallow, Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Song Sparrow, Bald Eagle (on nest with one chick), Spotted Sandpiper, Solitary Sandpiper, Least Sandpiper


Purple Trillium (Red Trullium; Wake Robin)

Foam Flower (Miterwort)
Golden Alexander


Black Willow

May 12, 17 - At 3 p.m. an adult Cooper's Hawk flies into the yard and lands in maple at side of driveway. We are standing 30 yards away. It then flies 15 feet to interior of Scotch Pine by feeders. At that point I walk toward it. It doesn't fly. Rare for a Cooper's Hawk. Finally, as I get closer, it drops off its perch and glides through the woods heading south.

May 12, 18 - Here at home... A cold, rainy day. Baltimore Oriole male visits suet feeder every 10-15 minutes. Ruby-throated male at hummer feeder. No females of either species seen here yet. RB Grosbeak male also at sunflower feeder.

At CV State Park... Around 'Tween Lakes Pavilion: Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Brown Creeper (singing). Goldfinch, Phoebe. On Towpath Trail: Cardinal, White-breasted Nuthatch, Tufted Titmouse, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Baltimore Oriole, Blackpoll Warbler, Common Merganser, Hooded Merganser, Mallard, Bald Eagle, Solitary Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper. Wildflower: Mertensia

May 13, 01 – Male and female rb grosbeak at feeder. Faint calls from rb nuthatch. Black-throated green and yellow-rumped warbler (2) on trail below house. Male and female hummingbird at feeders (first day for female).

Long Pond at Smithville Flats – Magnolia warbler. Heard Cape May warbler (three or four high thin notes on same pitch). Great look at indigo bunting. Kestrel hovering over field near Smithville. Cuckoo flowers in abundance in roadside ditch. Copulating chipping sparrows (fluttering wings). Meadowlark singing in field at Long Pond.

May 13, 04. Collect ostrich fern fiddleheads along Otselic River. In many other places, they are too high, but not this spot.

May 13 , 06 – Tanager singing at Brier Hill.

May 13, 07 - Two great-crested flycatchers arrived this morning, one of them loudly giving its "wheep, wheep" from the top of a large white pine. Full sun on the bird showed its yellow breast very well. Also in full sun: a male scarlet tanager, perched on a rock at the edge of a small garden pond in my yard. After landing there, it hopped to a stone in the pond, leaned down and took a long drink. I watched from 20 feet away. Two female purple finches at the sunflower feeder. One of them twittering and fluttering wings as if begging. No male in sight. Discovered what looks to be the nest of a Cooper's or sharp-shinned hawk. It's 40 feet up in a 50-foot tamarack (larch) tree at the edge of the yard (maybe 20 feet into the woods). Basketball sized, made of sticks, on a horizontal branch by the trunk. During the 15 minutes I spent near it, I heard the "kak, kak" of an accipter three or four times. I have heard this several times in the previous two weeks, always in that spot. Later in the day, drove six miles to a power line running through a field in Town of Binghamton. Forest edge is about 30 yards from the pole on top of which a red-tailed hawk is incubating eggs. Nest is built on the T at top of pole. With scope, I could see the head of the incubating adult sticking up above the large nest of sticks (adorned also with several white pine boughs).

May 13, 08 - Heard indigo bunting singing near the road. Went down and got a good look. It is a first-year male - blue on head, back and tail, brown on wings, and splotched blue and gray on breast. Choke cherry in bloom along roadsides. Black cherry blooms visible on tall forest trees, because tent caterpillars already have eaten the foliage.

On the river... A pair of solitary sandpipers feeding and flying together. Greater yellowlegs feeding on mudflat. Gave 4-note call when it took off, enabling me to tellit from lesser yellowlegs (1 - to 3-note call). Towhee singing loudly an riverbank. Also fainting mewing sounds of blue-gray gnatcatchers drifting out from the branches of large black willows. First Canada goslings of spring: five of them guarded by four adults. Flicker appears to be investigating nest hole in riverside hardwood.

May 13, 09 – First oriole heard calling here. At Pete and Carol Vail residence near Afton: bluebird, house wren, rose-breasted grosbeak, tree swallow, yellow warbler, chestnut-sided warbler, indigo bunting and black-billed cuckoo (coo-coo-coo call repeated ).

May 13, 10 - Walk at Upper Lisle: Birds Song Sparrow, Ring-billed Gull, Barn Swallow, Tree Swallow, Yellow-throated Vireo, Yellow Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Yellowthroat, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Gray Catbird, Red-winged Blackbird ,Common Grackle, Baltimore Oriole, Black-capped Chickadee, White-breasted Nuthatch, Eastern Phoebe, Goldfinch, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Downy Woodpecker, Blue Jay, Common Merganser, Mallard, Wood Duck (h), Killdeer (h), Solitary Sandpiper, Bald Eagle.Trees: Basswood, Black Willow Shrubs: Nanny Berry (Vibrunum family) Vines: Virginia Creeper, Poison Ivy Flowers:False Hellibore.

May 13, 11 – On the river… 6-7 Least Sandpipers probing the muddy bank. Breeding plumage. Very tame. Got within 8 feet. Many GC Flycatchers calling. Watched an Osprey circling with a Bald Eagle, screeching all the while. Nice look at Yellow-throated Vireo.

May 13, 12 – Magnolia Warbler singing in trees above driveway.

May 13, 14 - Female hummingbird arrives at the feeder. Male chases her away, and the season has begun.

May 13, 15 - Two pairs of robins on the lawn. Males fighting with males, and females fighting with females. "Fighting" consisted of one bird flying at another, then both birds taking flight, with one in pursuit of the other.

May 13, 18 - Cool, misty day here. Baltimore Oriole feeding on suet through the day. I put out half an orange, but, this far, he is ignoring it. A second male showed up at the feeder late in the afternoon. Male and female RB Grosbeak also regulars eating sunflower seeds.

May 14, 04. Photograph stream at Chris’s. Male blackburnian warbler singing in hemlocks above mill site.

May 14, 07 - Birds observed in forest and clearing along the Delaware River in Hancock, NY: Male and female blackburnian warblers, black-and-white warbler, yellow-rumped warbler, yellow warbler, yellow-throat, redstart, ovenbird (heard), veery, wood thrush, least flycatcher, phoebe, yellow-bellied sapsucker, red-eyed vireo, yellow-throated vireo, tree swallow, cliff swallow, Baltimore oriole, catbird, mallard, wood duck, common merganser, solitary sandpiper (four feeding on mudflat at river's edge), killdeer.

May 14, 08 - Scarlet tanager singing actively all around the house. RB Grosbeak also heard.

May 14, 09 – Greenwood Park: Yellow-rumped warbler, blue-headed vireo, scarlet tanager, hermit thrush, kingbird.

May 14, 10 - Wood thrush singing in woods above house, for first time this season.

May 14, 11 – At CVSP… Yellow-throated vireos nesting near Beach Parking. The nest high in tree by the road. Blackburnian Warbler over Towpath Trail. Pair of Hooded Mergansers loafing on mud bar in river. Tufted Titmouse carrying nest material into knothole, 15 feet high, at edge of trail. Magnolia Warbler foraging in thick shrub at edge of trail by canal.

At home… Great Crested Flycatcher calling loudly. Redstart singing.

May 14, 12 – At CV State Park… Great look at singing Blackburnian Warbler. Others singing: Veery, Scarlet Tanager, Black-throated Green Warbler, Ovenbird, Brown Creeper.

May 14, 13 – Solitary Sandpiper on the Otselic. Red-tailed Hawks courting overhead. One bird folds up wings and floats toward the ground with its talons dangling.

May 14, 14 - Pair of Red-eyed Vireos contesting for territory at yard edge. Twenty feet apart - one singing and the other uttering whining alarm note. Three male rose-breasted grosbeaks at Chris's feeder in PA.

May 14, 15 - Heard Black-throated Green Warbler and Rose-breasted Grosbeak here for the first time this spring.

May 14, 16 - At Waterman Center...Birds: Gray Catbird, Song Sparrow, Brown-headed Cowbird, Downy Woodpecker, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Ovenbird, Eastern Wood Pewee, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Phoebe (heard), Cardinal (heard), White-breasted Nuthatch, Scarlet Tanager, Wood Thrush, Common Yellowthroat.Trees: White Ash, Flowering Dogwood.Ferns: Bracken, Interrupted.Flowers: May-apple.Butterflies: Spring Azure.Mammals: Cottontail Rabbit
May 14, 17 - First Yellowthroat heard singing here below house. At 10 a.m. I heard warblers high in oaks at from of house. Three Pine Warblers, including one bight male. Also saw a Northern Parula in same trees. I thorn apple by feeders: Chestnut-sided Warbler singing. In back woods: Black-throated Blue Warbler singing. Later in the day, a Yellow-rumped and female Scarlet Tanager in side yard. Male Scarlet Tanager was singing around 40 yards into the woods. Red-eyed vireo also back and singing.

May 14, 18 - At home, heard first Great-crested Flycatcher of season calling in back woods. Paddled the river for first time this season. Heard many orioles and first Scarlet Tanager and Great-crested Flycatchers of the year. A dozen Least Sandpipers feeding on mud bar with 2 Semi-palmated Plovers and a Solitary Sandpiper. Rough-winged Swallow and kingfisher apparently nesting in burrows two feet apart on bank. 

May 15, 01 – Yellowthroat singing below poison ivy swamp. Broad-winged hawk calling and soaring overhead but much quieter these days.

 May 15, 03 – At Brier Hill 9 a.m. – Magnolia, redstart, bt green and chestnut-sided warblers. Two chestnuts singing. Two bt greens singing. Magnolia singing. Broadwing sitting on phone wire in front yard. Myrtle singing at mother’s house. Anderson Trails near Whitney Point: numerous chestnut-sided and redstarts. Also yellow, yellowthroat, black-and-white, bt green. I scare ovenbird off nest close to trail. First scarlet tanager  giving call. Aspen trees white with fluffy seeds.?

May 15, 04. Male indigo bunting singing at head of Harriet’s driveway. Cardinal nest in mountain laurel by her house.

May 15, 06 – Three eggs in cardinal nest in yew by dining room. Phoebe sitting on nest near side door of bedroom.

May 15, 07 - Male indigo bunting singing in yard. Also sighted in brushy lot near Owego. Photographed rue anemone there. This hillside forest is rich in large pignut hickory trees. At Waterman Conservation Center: singing brown creeper, pair of blue-headed vireos, bay-breasted warbler, first wood pewee of the season singing. Interrupted ferns already 12 inches high. Thick beds of May apple. Singing blue-winged warbler. 

May 15, 08 - On the river... Juvenile bald eagle being chased by crows and blackbirds. Still solitary sandpipers around, more than in previous years. Female hooded merganser. Many orioles, seemingly around every turn. Red-bellied woodpecker. A number of yellow-throated vireos. First least flycatcher. Several redstarts singing. Toads trilling in shallows. Mertensia flowering among May apples. Several species of mayflies on water - one with charcoal body and wings. First green darner dragonfly of season. Salt Springs Park... chestnut-sided warbler, yellow warbler, yellowthroat, catbird, field sparrow, song sparrow, chipping sparrow, flicker, ovenbird pair, bobolinkpair in grassy meadow. Foam flower, wood anemone, star flower, red trillium in bloom.

May 15, 09 – Great-crested flycatcher calling in back woods. On Otselic River near Pitcher… First warbling vireos of spring heard. Black-billed cuckoo heard.

May 15, 10 - Walk at CV State Park. Birds: Red-bellied woodpecker, pileated woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker (heard) great-crested flycatcher, dark-eyed junco, red-eyed vireo, blue-headed vireo (h),  brown creeper, Baltimore oriole, blue-gray gnatcatcher, common merganser, hooded merganser, bald eagle, broad-winged hawk, blackburnian warbler, yellow-rumped warbler, yellowthroat (h), black-throated green warbler. Flowers: pink lady's slipper, Canada mayflower, starflower, wild geranium, cuckoo flower, pinkster (shrub). Trees: red oak, white, oak, red maple, sugar maple, basswood, sycamore, hemlock, white pine.

May 15, 11 – Photographed flowers on Black Birch and seeds of Striped maple. Black-throated Green Warbler and Great-crested Flycatcher singing above house. Veery sighted at yard edge (silent). Yellow-rumped Warbler singing at top of maple in yard. Large, beardless Jake turkey and two hens in the yard.

May 15, 13 - First Tiger swallowtail of the season flies through yard.

May 15, 14 - Here... a Wood Thrush sings briefly in upper woods at 8:30 p.m. At CV State Park...Bald Eagles - 1 adult with 2 chicks, Chestnut-sided Warbler (h), Song Sparrow (h), Blue Jay, Yellow-throated Vireo, Red-eyed Vireo, Warbling Vireo, Kingfisher,Yellow Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Pileated Woodpecker, Hairy Woodpecker, Titmouse, Great-Crested Flycatcher, Gnatcatcher, Goldfinch, Brown Creeper (h), Chipping sparrow.

Flowers: Wood Anemone, Pussytoes, Dame's Rocket, Violets

May 15, 15 - On Autumn Leaves Rd., Starlight, PA... Excellent looks at Redstart, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Black and White Warbler, Blue-winged Warbler, Yellow Warbler, Common Yellowthroat,Veery. At Camp Rugged in Hancock, NY, excellent looks at Scarlet Tanager, Baltimore Oriole, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Black-throated Green Warbler.

May 15, 18 - First Scarlet tanager of the season here, singing in back woods this morning. First sighting here of female hummingbird. First Tiger Swallowtail in the yard.

May 15, 19 -  Male Scarlet Tanager landed on low branch at edge of our back woods. It dropped to the ground several times from there. Not normal behavior, as they prefer the tops of tall first trees for foraging.
Walk at CV State Park. Watched a Winter Wren singing at close range. Hermit Thrush foraging low to the ground. Heard Blue-headed Vireo and Great Crested Flycatcher.
common Merganser on Chenango Lake. Fringed Polygala in flower. 

May 16, 01 – Catbird singing and RB nuthatch calling in morning. Heard veery call in woods. So far no singing veeries or wood thrushes (except one morning for WT).

May 16, 06 – BT Green singing here.

May 16, 07 - Wood thrush singing at 5:30 a.m. Also, see bird list at top of diary.

 May 16, 08 - Chenango County to view bald eagle on nest, overlooking the river. Nest 5 feet wide, 50 feet up in tall white pine on steep bank high above the river. Adult sitting on the nest - only massive yellow beak, eyes and white head visible. Great-crested flycatcher calling at this location. Walking abandoned rail bed near Brisben: indigo bunting, redstart singing. Beds ofwhite trillium, some of them pink. Red-berried elder shrub in flower. Rose-breasted grosbeak at feeder here. First dame's rocket seen flowering.

May 16, 09 – Great-crested flycatcher calling in back woods.

May 16, 10 - Male ruby-throated hummingbird buzzed my sweatshirt from 18 inches away - attracted to red breast on quetzal pictured on shirt. The bird then buzzed brake light on nearby car before feeding at hanging feeder at house.

May 16, 11 – Here… Scarlet Tanager in low tree at edge of driveway. Pair of Hermit Thrushes on driveway. Heard call but no song. Chestnut-sided Warbler singing in side woods by wet area. At Jones Park… Nice look at Louisiana Waterthrush along stream. Photographed Miterwort, Foam Flower, Christmas Fern, Purple Violet. Dwarf Ginseng also flowering.

May 16, 11 – Photographed pink lady slippers at CV State Park. 

May 16, 13 - At Salt Springs State park... Good looks at several Bobolinks fluttering over hilltop meadow. Pair of Black-and-white Warblers along wooded road. Field Sparrow, Rose-breasted Grosbeak and Least Flycatcher in overgrown meadow. Yellow-throated Vireo singing along Silver Creek.

May 16, 15 - One of the best May days here for singing birds I can recall in recent memory. Between 8 a.m. and noon, while I was outside working, the following were in full-fledged song: Scarlet Tanager, Rose-breasted Grosbeak, Baltimore Oriole, Cardinal, Red-eyed Vireo, Wood Pewee, Great-crested Flycatcher, Black-throated Green Warbler, Catbird.

May 16, 16 - Indigo Bunting in yard for second day - on ground eating seeds (a male). Photographed male Rose-breasted Grosbeak at edge of yard.

May 16, 17 - Photographed Warbling Vireo at local wetland area. Also observed first-year Redstart singing. First-years look like females. Brown Thrasher also observed.

May 16, 18 - At local wetland, encountered first year male Redstart singing. Also Willow Flycatcher.

May 16, 19 - Bog Trail at CV State Park... Male Winter Wren singing. Also GC Flycatcher, Swamp Sparrow, Blue-headed Vireo and Yellowthroat. Five male Common Mergansers on Chenango Lake. Photographed Cinnamon Fern fiddleheads and Fringed Polygala. 
Here... Red-breasted Nuthatch calling from Norway Spruces across the road.

May 17, 01 – Veeries calling, but not singing at Brier Hill. One veery sings at twilight. Oakley Corners State Forest – Myrtle (yellow-rumped) warbler singing. Ovenbird singing. Three pairs of C. geese on pond, all with young – total 14.? Starflower, canada mayflower in bloom.

May 17, 06 – GC Flycatcher calling.

May 17, 07 - A bird was perched by the accipiter nest I've been watching. It was crow-sized, so I'm thinking the bird is a Cooper's hawk. Hummingbird wars have begun at my feeders. At least two males are buzzing each other. House wrens are setting up shop in a box very close to a large clump of honeysuckle in back yard.

May 17, 08 - Scarlet tanager continues vigorous singing (third day). Territory appears to be 100 yards all around the house. Indigo bunting also singing. Yellow-rumped warbler sighted. Broad-winged hawklands on lawn several times around 7:30 a.m. I couldn't determine what, if anything, it appeared to be investigating, but the bird did seem to be picking something off the ground with its bill. Nice look at the banded tail each time it lifted off.

May 17, 09 - Three male rose-breasted grosbeaks at sunflower feeder. At Chenango Valley State Park, pair of warbling vireos, lovely red-bellied woodpecker calling and sighted, plus good look at male Baltimore oriole. Also a decent look at calling great-crested flycatcher.

May 17, 10 - Wood pewee singing in back woods for first time this season. Photographed Golden Ragwort near bank on Delaware River.

May 17, 11 – Woodland walk near Choconut, Pa. Warbler flock high in forest maples includes: Redstart, Chestnut-sided, Blackburnian and Yellow-rumped Warblers. Also seen in same area, foraging warbler-like on branch tips at eye level: Philadelphia Vireo. A very rare sight here. Migrating north to Adirondacks and Canada. Hermit Thrush singing. 

May 17, 12 – At CV State Park… Blackburnian warbler, hermit thrush, veery, brown creeper. Wild geraniums and Canada mayflower blooming.

 May 17, 13 - First hummingbird at feeder - a male. Quite late this year. Late at night, a fox barking in back woods. At CV State Park... Photographed Winter Wren and Swamp Sparrow. Northern Waterthrush singing loudly in wet woods.

May 17, 14 - A good day for singing birds here. I heard Purple Finch at edge of yard, Scarlet Tanager in upper woods, Baltimore Oriole in poison ivy swamp and Rose-breasted Grosbeak in woods above road by the house. The grosbeak came to the feeder at 4:30 p.m.


May 17, 16 - Photographed female Yellow Warbler on nest near Whitney Point. In shrub, five feet high, at edge of lake. Also heard Willow Flycatcher there. At Montezuma Refuge... 6-8 Least Sandpipers, 2 Wood Ducks, 2 Gadwall, 2 Blue-wnged Teal, 1 Pied-billed Grebe, 12 Purple Martins, dozens of Tree and Barn Swallows, plus dozen of male Red-winged Blackbirds, displaying along the wildlife drive. 

May 17, 17 - Red-breasted Nuthatch still calling around the house.

May 17, 18 - First Red-eyed Vireo singing here, in back woods. Walked Towpath Trail on Chenango Forks. Had lovely look at Black-throated Green Warbler, which was singing, along with a second male, along the trail.

May 18, 02 – Snowing in morning. Birding at Upper Lisle includes palm warbler.

May 18, 04. Blackburnian warbler singing on Hill property in Brisben.

May 18, 07 - Cool and cloudy morning. Veery singing at 10 a.m. Mockingbird flew in front of the car on Old Vestal Rd. Large white wing patches and long tail gave it away.

May 18, 08 - Here: Male and female rose-breasted grosbeaks on feeder together. Cole Park: Sapsucker drumming on metal sign. Loud squawking of ravens from area of tall pines. Heard several times during course of two hours. Perhaps a nest site. Foam flower, blue cohoshwood sorrel, wood anemone, spring beauty, Jack-in-the-pulpit, plus all three trilliums on wooded trail. Black-throated green, wood thrush, blue-headed vireo and brown creeper singing. Creeper observed with beak full of insects - feeding young somewhere. Many barn swallows swooping over the lake. In Choconut, Pa.: Observed singing Nashville warbler in alder tangle beside open second-growth woodland.

May 18, 09 - First female hummingbird at window feeder - immediately chased away by a male.

May 18, 10 - Scarlet tanager and black-throated green warbler singing in a.m. at river camp.

May 18, 12 – Many Tiger Swallowtails appeared today. I drove by a cluster of at least a dozen, plus sighted many other individuals. 

May 18, 13 - First dragonfly of the season: a Common Whitetail female on rock wall in back yard.

 May 18, 14 - Male and female Purple Finches at feeder.

May 18, 15 - Walked at Echo Lake. Birds in order we encountered them: Baltimore Oriole, Red-eyed Vireo, Gray Catbird (heard), Song Sparrow (h), Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Black-throated Green Warbler, Black-capped Chickadee (h), Common Yellowthroat, Ovenbird, Wood Pewee. Flowers: Violet, White Trillium, Bellwort, Canada Mayflower (False Lily of the Valley), Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Starflower, Foamflower, May Apple, Marsh Marigold. Ferns: Christmas, New York, Bracken, Sensitive, Spinulose Wood, Interrupted. Other non-flowering plants: Horsetail. Frogs: Green.

May 18, 16 -Heard the Wood Pewee in our back woods for the first time this spring.

May 18, 17 - Several orioles calling and flying about near the house. Wood Thrush singing in back woods early morning. Crow harassing several soaring vultures overhead. 
At Hancock... Photographed Blackburian Warbler and American Redstart. Also Columbine and Mountain Maple.

May 18, 18 - Walked with group at Sky Lake. Encountered Yellow-rumped Warbler and Yellowthroat

May 19, 08 - PA Gamelands Hallstead: Encountered two singing male Canada warblers within 50 yards of one another on woodland road by stream. Also heard winter wren at close range but couldn't lure him into the open. Several black-throated green and chestnut-sided warblers also in residence and singing. Photographed red-spotted newt "red eft" and choke cherry blossoms.

May 19, 09 - At Chenango Valley State Park... On one section of wooded trail, I saw hermit thrush, yellow-throated vireo, great-crested flycatcher and red-bellied woodpecker. I didn't move 10 yards while viewing all of them. On another trail, I watched a female hairy woodpecker feeding young, about 20 feet up in a 12-inch diameter white oak. I couldn't see the young when the female poked her head in the cavity, but they were peeping loudly. Pinkster, or wild azalea, bloomed profusely along the trail edge, much of it under very large white pines.

May 19, 11 - At Brick Pond... American Coot sighted, plus Warbling Vireo and Chimney Swifts. Here... a dozen cedar waxwings fly overhead.

May 19, 13 - Heard a song I didn't recognize in honeysuckle below the driveway. Made spishing sound once or twice and Magnolia Warbler appeared, flitting close among the honeysuckle branches.

May 19, 15 - Heard wild turkey gobble loudly from woods up the road. Have note seen or heard a turkey in a month.

May 19, 17 - Junco pair chasing about all day. I'm assuming the male is aways the chaser, staying 3-4 feet behind on all chases.

May 19, 18 - A chilly, rainy day on which I picked some wild leeks at 2:30 p.m. While I did, I listened to Great-crested Flycatcher, Ovenbird and Scarlet Tanager singing in the woods. Also photographed a lovely patch of May Apple.

May 19, 19 - Discovered a pair of Blue-gray Gnatcatchers feeding young in a hardwood tree 100 yards from the Delaware River near Hancock. Nest is 30 feet high, three inches tall, two inches across and covered with lichens. Both parents actively visiting while I watched.

May 20, 01 – Wood thrush, catbird, re vireo, junco, tanager singing.

May 20, 07 - Gray squirrel chases four crows away from cracked corn spread on the ground. Sapsucker still drilling loudly in the woods. Interrupted and cinnamon ferns knee-high at woodland edge. Wild geraniums in bloom. 

May 20, 08 - Fisher still coming for suet at friend's house across the border in Pa. Rose-breasted grosbeak pair now a regular at feeder. Indigo bunting singing loudly. Pair of brown thrashers seen in honeysuckle thicket at edge of yard.

May 20, 09 - Here... first veery singing in woods. First Wood Pewee singing. On the river... Constantly hearing and seeing Baltimore orioles. Numerous spotted sandpipers, but solitary sandpipers of the past several weeks seem to have moved on. Several kingbirds along the river bank - first sightings on the river for them. Numerous warbling vireos singing.Blue-gray gnatcatchers foraging in large black willows. One chases a yellow warbler from one side of the river to the other. We float under a tree swallow, perched on the dead branch of an overhanging willow. In another dead branch, just a few feet away, a small hole indicates the bird's nest cavity. First cedar waxwings (2) over the river. Dame's rocket and ragged robin in bloom. Sycamores and shagbark hickory are late to leaf out.

May 20, 11 - In Choconut, observed singing Nashville Warbler and Alder Flycatcher in alder swamp. Discovered two Pink Lady Slippers at edge of hemlock woods. Not flowering yet. Also heard firstWood Pewee of the spring.

May 20, 12 – First Ragged Robin appears along roads. Black-throated green warbler and Great-crested Flycatcher signing here. Broad-winged hawk perches low at edge of back yard before zooming across the lawn and into tree in front.        

May 20, 13 - Black-throated Green Warbler singing for two or three minutes in back woods, close to house - 3 p.m. I photograph Hairy Woodpecker against White Pine in front of house.

May 20, 14 - On the river... A mature Bald Eagle swooped to within several feet of the Tioghnioga River as I was crossing the bridge in Whitney Point. Lovely look at the bird below me. On the Otselic, a Forster's tern in breeding plumage dipped toward the water repeatedly in a shallow backwater. Also there - a least Sandpiper. On the way home, just 1/2 mile from the house, I saw a fisher run out to the middle of the road, grab what looked like a chipmunk, and return to the woods. I slowed as I passed and the fisher looked at me without fleeing. A very small animal, most certainly a female.

May 20, 15 - Winged seeds of red and silver maples have begun fluttering through the air. Heard Red-bellied Woodpecker calling in back woods.

May 20, 17 - Countless maple seeds falling. Great Crested Flycatcher calling. Wood Thrush singing actively in early morning.

May 21 – Redstart singing in woods. Veery and catbird singing. Several red-eyed vireos.

May 21 , 06 – Two Toms fanning for 5-6 hens. Tanager singing but still no thrushes heard.

May 21, 07 - Tom turkey fanning for two hens at 7:30 a.m. Follows them as they make their way through the woods. Gobbles once or twice. Pair of wrens around the nest box late afternoon. Constant bubbling songs and investigation of the box.

May 21, 08 - Two male indigo buntings singing non-stop at one another from opposite sides of the road.

May 21, 09 -Red-bellied woodpecker calling in back woods - the first time I ever have heard it here. Also here singing/calling : catbird, brown thrasher, great crested flycatcher, veery.The flycatcher appeared directly behind the house, on a rock wall. The bird hopped about on the rocks for several minutes, seeking insects. At Cole Park... Black-throated Green Warbler, Warbling Vireo, Veery, Hermit Thrush (h), Raven. Flowers: Foam Flower, Painted Trillium, Clintonia Lily.

May 21, 11 - At Cole Park... Veery ,Wood Thrush, Towhee and Rose-breasted Grosbeak singing. Pair of Spotted Sandpipers at lake shore.

May 21, 12 – Purple Finch singing in side woods.

May 21, 13 - Red-bellied Woodpecker calling the woods. Hummingbird hovering outside my second floor window. I hear hummingbird "squeaks" for the first time this spring. Red-tailed Hawk flies low through the woods, setting off the squirrels. On the Chenango River... Many pairs of Solitary Sandpipers. Numerous Yellow-throated Vireos singing. First flock of Cedar waxwings of the spring.

May 21, 15 - Heard a faint high weesa, weesa. weesa coming from shrubs and trees in front of house at 9:30 a.m. Went to the area and made spishing sound. A male Bay-breasted Warbler popped out. In the evening... Wolfe Park, 59 degrees, overcast: American Redstart , Black-throated Green warbler, Veery, Ovenbird, Red-eyed Vireo , Wood Thrush, Blackburnian warbler , Indigo bunting , Northern Flicker, Northern Waterthrush - heard , Scarlet Tanager - heard, Green frog; chipmunks (5), Canada mayflower, Fringed polygala/gay-wings, Starflower, Chestnut oak, Shagbark hickory, Basswood, American beech

 May 21, 16 - At Long Pond State Forest... singing male Magnolia Warbler in mature stand of Norway Spruce. Also, Red-breasted Nuthatch, Warbling Vireo, House Wren and Chestnut-sided Warbler.

May 21, 17 - At brushy field in Castle Creek... Photographed Bluebird, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Prairie Warbler and Eastern Towhee.

May 21, 18 - Paddled wetland cove. A Solitary Sandpiper working the shoreline. Numerous Warbling Vireos singing everywhere. Encountered a flock of 5 Cedar Waxwings. Here at home... Catbird is back and singing where it always does: just behind the split rail fence.

May 22 – Male chestnut-sided warbler at house.

May 22, 07 - House wrens very active around the nest box they were exploring last evening. Floated the river. Skunk cabbage leaves the size of pie plates. Japanese knotweed two feet high. Most trees leafed out except for butternuts, which aren't close. River is low, with many mud flats exposed. Numerous killdeer and spotted sandpipers working the flats. Also saw a least sandpiper on one flat, in breeding plumage. Seems very late for an Arctic-nesting shorebird to be passing through. The bird was very tame, allowing me to get quite close. Many pairs of warbling vireos singing, a yellow-throated vireo singing in willow grove. First cedar waxwing of the year hawking insects over the river. Yellow band on tail prominent. Also first kingbirds of the year, perching in low shrubs along riverbank.

May 22, 08 - Pair of juncos nesting in dense clump of euonymous growing up the side of the house. Nest invisible from the outside. The birds disappear completely when they go in.  Cole Park: Common loon on lake. On  Lakeview Trail: Three ravens swooping through the branches below treetop level. Pair of blue-headed vireos. Black-throated green warbler. Brown creeper. Yellow-bellied sapsucker. Veery and wood thrush singing. In open areas of park: orioles, bluebird, chipping sparrows. 

May 22, 09 - On the river... many orioles and warbling vireos. Several pairs of common mergansers. No herons and only one silent kingfisher. Rough-winged swallows (2-3), Coyote sighted coming off high bank and approaching river. Upon seeing us, the animal hastily retreated back up the bank and out of sight. Countless thousands of silver maple seeds floating along with the current. Black cherry trees in bloom. Four or five tiger swallowtails sighted.

May 22, 13 - Wood Thrush singing in woods above the house at deep dusk. Great-crested Flycatcher calling in Poison Ivy Swamp mid-afternoon.

May 22, 15 - Floated the river. Air temp: 63; winds NW at 10-15. Heard several Indigo Buntings, Orioles and Tanagers. Barn and Tree Swallows hunting over river, as were several Chimney Swifts. Had campfire lunch along bank with Great-crested Flycatchers calling throughout. Huge flock of Wood Ducks in the sky - 40 at least. Another dozen or so Mallards in flight. One pair of Common Mergansers. Overhead, three Bald Eagles soaring. One was an adult. Also overhead, a blackbird chasing a migrating Sharp-shinned Hawk. Watched a Rough-winged Swallow enter what looked like an old Kingfisher burrow in a steep exposed bank. Another swallow clung to the bank 10 feet away.

May 22, 19 - Photographed Blue-gray Gnatcatcher and Veery on banks of Delaware River in Hancock. Also took photos of Columbine growing on moist rock 

May 23 – Gobbler and one hen in the morning. Male RB grosbeak.

May 23, 01 – Purple finch singing. 

May 23, 07 - Scarlet tanager singing in woods. Mourning cloak butterfly flutters across lawn. Driving down road, with window open, I hear several indigo buntings singing. Encountered some large flowering sassafras trees at The Glen. Some as high as 40 feet with trunks 6-8 inches in diameter. Other birds at Glen: Rufous-sided Towhee, Cardinal, Red-breasted Nuthatch, Yellowthroat, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Ovenbird, Veery, Scarlet Tanager, Wood Pewee, Ruby-throated Hummingbird. Butterfly: Red Admiral. Wildflower: Golden Alexanders. Tree: Sassafras

May 23, 08- Pair of otters sighted on Delaware River below Hancock at Buckingham. Oriole singing here at 5 p.m.

May 23, 09 - Loudest birds here today: ovenbird and great-crested flycatcher. Pileated woodpecker chimed in around 4 p.m., drumming loudly on a hollow tree close by.

May 23, 12 – Floated the river. Many Cedar waxwings for the first time.

May 23, 14 - Birding on Autumn Leaves Rd. near Starlight Lake in Pa. Chestnut-sided and black-and-white warblers, redstart, 4 wood thrushes.

May 23, 13 - Towhee calling "shreet!" below the house.  Pair of Tiger Swallowtails fluttering six feet off the ground in close contact. At the Anderson's house... Great looks at Prairie Warbler. Bull Frogs, Green Frogs and Spring peepers calling. At night here... American Toads trilling in garden pond.

May 23, 16 - Floating the river in northern Broome County... First Cedar Waxwings of the season. First Mourning Cloak butterfly. A number of singing GC Flycatchers, Baltimore Orioles, Catbirds. Several singing Yellow-throated and Warbling Vireos. Pair of Red-tailed Hawks at nest. One bird held a vole in its beak. Bald Eagle circling over us a few moments after we watched an adult perched above its nest not far from the bank. Toads trilling in quiet backwater. Barn Swallows over the river. Four male and three female Common Mergansers together. Two encounters with Least Sandpipers - a loner and a pair, feeding on muddy banks. Ostrich Fern fronds already two feet tall.

May 23, 17 - Broad-winged Hawk sails across the driveway from the road and lands in a tree not far from the nest we think it might be using this year. Small mammal in its talons. It flies from there after several minutes, to a spot a bit farther in the woods. For the next 10 minutes, we hear it calling frequently. Red-beasted Nuthatch calling, as it has been for two weeks.

May 23, 18 - At St. Louise Manor... Called in Yellow Warbler and Cardinal for seniors to see up close. Couldn't call in Carolina Wren and Warbling Vireo.

May 24, 01 – Black-throated blue warbler singing in woods just below house all morning.

May 24, 07 - Heard a yellow-billed cuckoo calling - the "cowp, cowp" call. Two Cooper's hawks near the nest site I have been watching, but not at the nest. Nannyberry viburnams now blooming.

May 24, 08 - Veery singing here for ten minutes, starting at 5:10 a.m. Rolling lyrical song interspersed with short "tweer" call.

May 24, 09 - Seen during walk along forest edge and through meadow in South Vestal... pileated woodpecker, Baltimore oriole, bobolink, eastern kingbird (pair), killdeer ("nest" on ground with three eggs), barn and tree swallows, bluebird (female on fence post). At one point we left the forest edge and went into the forest. There, by a lovely waterfall in a shady ravine, we saw male scarlet tanager.  Also there, we found a red eft, the land form of the red-spotted newt salamander. In the meadow, we came upon a painted turtle whose shell was no bigger around than a 25-cent piece. This contrasted with a snapping turtle I had seen earlier in the day while driving through the Binghamton University Nature Preserve. Seen in grass along the road, the turtle's carapace (upper shell) looked to be around 16 inches long. They leave ponds and rivers at this time of year to lay eggs on land.

May 24, 12 – At Salt Springs State Park. Observed Kingbird, Bobolink and Indigo Bunting, all in same dead tree at edge of a meadow (on one side of dirt road) and an overgrown meadow (on the other). Also, over the meadow, a hovering male Kestrel.

May 24, 14 - At "Camp Rugged" on Delaware River in Hancock... Pair of Scarlet Tanagers, Black-throated Blue Warbler, Redstart, Flicker, Sapsuckers nesting in hollow tree, Wood Thrush, Veery.

May 24, 16 - Wood Thrush singing very close to the house in back woods at 8:45 p.m.

May 24, 18 - At Cole Park... Back-throated Green Warbler, Veery, Wood Thrush, RB Grosbeak, Ovenbird n forest. No Creepers  or Blue-headed Vireos. Warbling Vireo, Yellow Warbler and Baltimore Oriole in orchard habitat. Here.. Wood Thrush singing from 6 a.m. to noon at woods edge all around the house. Great-Crested Flycatcher making his "wheep" call close to the house.

May 25, 01 –Great Crested Flycatchersinging from top of aspen across the road.

May 25, 02 – Doe and new fawn in lane off side yard – viewed from kitchen. Doe licking fawn constantly. Oriole singing in aspens across the road. Loud peeping coming from nest box where chickadees are raising young.

May 25, 06 - Floated the river. Many warbling vireos singing; a number of yellow-throated vireos singing; two chestnut-sided warblers singing; one redstart singing. Severel red-bellied woodpeckers. One gnatcatcher. Female hooded merganser with two young. Numerous wood ducks and many spotted sandpipers. Wild geranium flowering. Many orioles singing. Large mayfly hatch of #14s pale brown.

May 25, 07 – First fawn of the season reported. Mourning cloak butterfly flutters through yard. Broad-winged hawk soars over yard at treetop level, quietly.

May 25, 08 - Flicker appears at the garden pond. Bunting and tanager singing actively. Tiger swallowtail. 

May 25, 09 - In late afternoon, I walked out on my deck to hang a towel on the line. There, at the edge of the lawn, stood a doe, looking fine her in rusty summer coat. She froze and stared at me. Then I noticed a tinyfawn (see other fawn notations above)- it looked about 18 inches tall - at the other side of the yard, heading toward her. With herky-jerky steps, it made its way to her, at which time she quickly exited into the forest. The fawn followed close behind.

May 25, 11 – On the river… Yellow-throated vireo singing. Tried to call for Black-billed Cuckoo but no response.

May 25, 12 – At home… Eastern Wood Pewee singing in back woods – the last migrant to return? Great-crested Flycatcher giving “wheep!” call at edge of yard. At Lindsay-Parsons Preserve near Danby…. Several singing Yellow-throated Vireos. Warblers included… Ovenbird, Redstart, Yellow, Yellow-throat, Chestnut-sided, Black and White, Blue-winged. Also nice looks at Indigo Bunting. Bobolinks in extensive meadows. Heard first Bull Frog of season, plus Green Frogs in preserve wetland. Heard Yellow-billed Cuckoo. Tiger and Black Swallowtail butterflies, plus Wood Satyr and Question Mark (dark phase with almost black hind-wings). Yellow Indian Paintbrush blooming in fields. Prolific Dame’s Rocket along roads.

May 25, 13 - Walked along Merrill Brook. Beautiful patches of Golden Alexander in bloom.

May 25, 15 - A number of Black Swallowtails already have been sighted in the yard here.

May 25, 18 - First-year male Baltimore Oriole visiting half orange for the second or third day. Great-crested Flycatcher "wheep" calls around the yard in afternoon.

May 26, 02 – Two ravens croaking and circling over the house. Yellowthroat arrived and singing. Oriole singing in aspens across the road.

May 26, 04. Great Crested Flycatcher calling loudly here.

May 26, 07 - First tiger swallowtail butterfly sighted.

May 26, 08 - Black-billed cuckoo singing briefly below house on opposite side of road.

May 26, 09 - Upper Lisle Wildlife Management Area... Adult bald eagle soaring overhead. Eagles frequently hunt the nearby Whitney Point Reservoir and wetlands within the management area.  At home. I watched a blue jay do a perfect imitation of the "kak, kak, kak" call heard from Cooper's and sharp-shinned hawks.

May 26, 12 – Red-bellied Woodpecker calling behind house for an hour at 8 a.m.

May 26, 13 - On the river... Heard two Indigo Buntings singing - first for this bird all spring.

May 26, 13 - Tiger Swallowtail flutters through the yard. 

May 26, 15 - Awoke at 4:58 a.m. to robins singing. Then came the song of a Veery, close to the house in the back woods. The bird sang for 15 minutes. At 10 a.m., a Rose-breasted Grosbeak began singing in the back woods, not quite as close as the veery. The Scarlet Tanager also sang actively at this time, very close, in the back woods. The tanager was singing again at 4 p.m. near the driveway. At Binghamton University this morning, a Brown Thrasher flew across the road and into a clump of cattails. First thrasher of the year for me.

May 26, 18 - Walked at Tangled Nature Center in Elmira. Heard Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, Rose-breasted Grosbeak and Green Frog. Observed Tree Swallow, Barn Swallow, Eastern Bluebird, Red-winged Blackbird, Baltimore Oriole, Gray Catbird, Field Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Red-eyed Vireo and Tiger Swallowtail butterfly.

May 27, 01 – Tanager singing below the house.

May 27, 02 – Brick Pond - Downy woodpecker nestlings peeping loudly from nest in red maple 20 feet high. Chickadee feeding young in knothole nest five feet above pond. On the river… Kestrel feeding young at nest hole in sycamore at edge of the river, 20 feet high. Kingbirds, spotted sandpipers, waxwings. Large mayflies – yellow-brown body and purplish-gray wings. Here – Wood peewee singing for first time.

May 27, 06 – Tanager singing loudly here. First wood thrush heard in woods above house. Photographed blue cohosh, columbine at Cornell Plantations.

May 27, 07 - A sharp-shinned hawk darted from the back woods and made a pass at a chipmunk on stone wall next to the house. It missed before flying swiftly over the garden pond and back to the woods. Charcoal and buff banding on the square tail were the best field marks I got. The chipmunk squeaked for ten minutes after the episode. Rhododendrons in flower. This usually happens at the same time I start seeing tiger swallowtails, which love the nectar of rhododendron blooms. 

May 27, 08 - Female hummingbird, and male, at feeder.

May 27, 09 - Walking with a friend on his property near Quaker Lake, Pa. I watched a tiny fawn bolt from beneath tall grass four feet from us and run across a meadow 30 yards before disappearing in heavy cover.

May 27, 13 - Wood Thursh singing briefly at 9 a.m. - back woods. Also calling: Red-bellied Woodpecker. Broad-winged hawks circling and calling in late morning. Female hummingbird at feeder often, but no male sightings in many days.

May 27, 14 - Wood thrush sings for an hour in back woods from 5:30 to 6:30 a.m. Red-bellied Woodpecker calls. Pileated Woodpecker drums. At noon, a House Wren shows up and starts singing.

May 27, 15 - Rose-breasted Grosbeak singing at lawn's edge for second day. The bird sang for three hours, moving around the house from perch to perch. Pair of robins took turns bathing in garden pond. Junco singing from peak of roof, looking down at me on the driveway. Yesterday, we saw a pair of juncos fly out of our clematis vine on the side of the house. Perhaps a nest in being considered or being built in that location. Currently flowering: Black Locust, Dame's Rocket, Ragged Robin.

May 27, 18 - An adult Painted Turtle discovered on our lawn this rainy morning. perhaps on an egg-laying mission.

May 28, 01 – Sapsucker calling in woods by house. Broadwing calling and soaring. Gobbler still gobbling in morning. Twin fawns from last year seem to have been banished by mother. Traveling alone now. They still have most of winter coats. Just starting to shed.

May 28, 06 – Indigo bunting singing in brushy area by side woods. Veery singing above house. PhotographCelandine found at Brisben boat launch. Also photograph wild geranium.

May 28, 07 - Bunting singing loudly from top of dead aspen on other side of the road. Tree swallow staring me down from entrance hole of nest box at pond edge. Green darner dragonflies patrolling the pond. Tom turkey fanning and strutting for two hens. Broad-winged hawk calling and circling overhead. 

May 28, 08 - On the river... Many orioles calling, matched by as many warbling vireos. Waxwings have appeared and are numerous. Observed pair of yellow-throated vireos, but heard hardly any singing. Two least flycatchers calling. Three henhooded mergansers acting injured and flying just ahead. Observed two groups of very small ducklings with hens - about 8 in each group. Thousands of silver maple seeds blowing from trees and floating.

May 28, 09 - Birding near Friendsville, Pa. Meadowlark and bobolinks singing and sighted.

May 28, 11 – Wood Thrush sings very briefly at 5:30 a.m.

May 28, 12 – Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge. Observed a Hudsonian Godwit, a life bird. Feeding with other shorebirds on large mudflat. These included 12 Black-bellied Plovers in breeding plumage, plus Least Sandpiper, Semi-palmated Plover and Ruddy Turnstone.

May 28, 15 - Black-throated Green singling faintly here in the afternoon. A Raven croaking overhead. At noon, a lone female Wild Turkey strolled through the yard, on her way to the back woods. At Chenango Valley State Park, 'Tween Lakes area and Bog Trail - These are the birds our group saw that we had not seen on previous outings this spring: Yellow-throated Vireo, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Great-crested Flycatcher, White-breasted Nuthatch, Dark-eyed Junco, Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Swamp Sparrow.

May 28, 17 - Broad-winged hawk flew in to oak by driveway as I sat on bench there. Stayed ten seconds, calling frequently, then flew across driveway to another perch. Stayed there a few seconds before flying across the road and disappearing. 

May 29, 06 – Tiger swallowtail at rhododendron. Viburnams in full flower.

May 29, 07 - Kayaking on river… Many cedar waxwings fluttering overhead. Two yellow-throated vireos heard singing. A number of large cream-colored mayflies floating on the surface, along with seeds from silver maples and dandelions. Flower catkins from streamside oaks also on the surface. Dame's rocket blooming profusely.

May 29, 08 - First great-crested flycatcherhead calling here - "wheep!" Chipmunk stuffing its cheek pouches with fallen red maple seeds. Pennsylvania Gamelands at Hallstead: red-eyed vireo, wood thrush, cedar waxwing. Junco scolding near possible nest under exposed roots by side of trail. Very good looks at Canada, chestnut-sided and black-throated green warblers. Also good look at veery. Many veeries singing as evening progressed. Winter wren singing and sighted, although poorly. This bird hates coming out in the open!

May 29, 09 - On the river... photographed large clump of ragged robinat the river's edge.

May 29, 11 – In overgrown meadow behind house… Good looks at Blue-winged Warbler, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Towhee, Veery. In mowed field, several courting Bobolinks.

May 29, 12 – Photographed Eastern Kingbird, Bobolink and Tree swallow at Salt Springs State Park. Observed dark phase Question Mark butterfly there.

May 29, 13 - Encountered two 14-inch snapping turtles on the BU Nature Preserve Road. Heading out of the wetland there to find nesting sites.

May 29, 15 - Birding dirt roads near Starlight, PA, I encountered the first Eastern Meadowlark I have seen locally in years. The gorgeous male was singing in a meadow with grasses, at this point, reaching only 6 inches in height. Also on the birding route, I photographed Blue-winged, Chestnut-sided and Yellow Warblers, plus Yellowthroat, Indigo Bunting, Scarlet Tanager, Eastern Kingbird and Bobolink. Common Fleabane, with pale pink daisy-like flowers, growing along the road.

May 29, 17 - Great Crested Flycatcher calling below the house. 

May 29, 18 - Paddled local wetland and lake. Large hatch of black caddis flies. At edge of wetland, large snapping turtle at road's edge. (See May 29, 13 entry). Also a painted Turtle in road. On Bassett Road, I photograph singing Indigo Bunting. Blue plumage not complete on this bird. Numerous Tiger Swallowtails flying about. Also a Black Swallowtail and Mourning Cloak. In wetland, Green Darner observed as well as Widow Skimmer. 

May 30, 07 - Evening walk at Waterman Center. Very warm and slow activity. Good looks at blue-winged warbler, rb grosbeak, Carolina wren. Several wood thrushes singing. Black locusts in flower. 

May 30, 08 - On the river... Two Canada geese feeding on grassy bank with at least 30 goslings. Youngsters were of two different sizes. A bit farther downriver, a few more adults feeding on bank with what looked like 50 goslings! On way home from river at 7:30 p.m., I saw a doe in grassy meadow with fawn standing beneath it. Just after they're born, fawns can stand up straight and not hit their mother's bellies.

May 30, 09 -Tiger swallowtail butterfly nectaring on blooms of rhododendron.Carolina wren singing at Hillside Garden Center.Black locust trees are flowering.

May 30, 12 – On the river… Floated by an adult Bald Eagle, perched 30 yards away, 20 feet high, In tree by the edge of the river. Breast feathers ruffled, white feathers between eyes dirty, beak dirty. Three or four Indigo Buntings, plus Scarlet Tanager and Great-crested Flycatcher. Flushed 25 Wood Ducks from quiet backwater. First Ebony Jewelwing damselflies observed.

May 30, 15 - 14-inch snapping turtle laying eggs on grass along BU Nature Center Road. See May 29, 13 entry.

May 30, 18 - In early morning, Wood Thrush and Great Crested Flycatcher in full voice here.

May 30, 17 - Large patch of Ragged Robin growing in ditch by driveway.

May 31, 06Hermit thrush singing in woods right behind house at 8 a.m. Also veery farther back in woods. Dame’s Rocket in flower. Mountain Ash in flower. Ajuga (bugle) in flower.

May 31, 08 - Pair of brown thrashers in yard and in thicket of honeysuckle beside it. Very little singing, however, over the past couple weeks, during which I am sure they've been here.

May 31, 09 - Two good bird sightings. The first, a brown thrasherdashing out onto the road, grabbing an insect and dashing back into cover. The second, a pileated woodpecker, swooping silently into the yard, landing on a white pine, only six feet off the ground. I was sitting quietly about about 40 feet away and went unnoticed.

May 31, 12 – Common Loon in winter plumage on Whitney Point Lake.  

May 31, 2012 BU Nature Preserve Sunny, 70 degrees

Birds - Yellow Warbler, Cedar Waxwing, Red-eyed Vireo - h, GRAY Catbird, Song Sparrow, Yellowthroat, RT Hummingbird, BC Chickadee, Goldfinch, Blue Jay, RW Blackbird, B Oriole, Scarlet Tanager - h, Brown Thrasher, Green Heron, Canada Goose, Tree Swallow, Raven, Red-tailed Hawk, Starling

Gray Dogwood

Green Frog

White-tailed Deer
Cottontail Rabbit

May 31, 13 – Wood thrush sang for five minutes in back woods, starting at 5 a.m. Also singing during day: Wood Pewee and Scarlet Tanager.

May 31, 16 - Traveled my Loop Road Trail in NE PA. Encountered numerous Bobolinks in at least four fields. Also had good sightings of Yellow-throated and Warbling Vireo, Black-and-White Warbler, Chestnut-sided Warbler, Indigo Bunting and Ovenbird.

May 31, 17 - At Eldridge Wilderness Nature Conservancy preserve near Ithaca... New flower for me: herb-robert in geranium family. Good look at Hermit Thrush and Scarlet Tanager. 

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